Biopolymers and Bioplastics

Description :

Biopolymers are polymers that can be found in or manufactured by living organisms. These also involve polymers that are obtained from renewable resources that can be used to manufacture bioplastics by polymerization. There are primarily two types of biopolymer, one that's obtained from living organisms and another that's created from renewable resources however need polymerization. Those created by living beings include proteins and carbohydrates. Bioplastics are plastics derived from renewable biomass sources, such as vegetable fats and oils, corn starch, straw, woodchips, food waste, etc. Bioplastic can be made from agricultural by-products and also from used plastic bottles and other containers using microorganisms. Common plastics, like fossil-fuel plastics (also known as petrobased polymers) are derived from petroleum or natural gas. Not all bioplastics are perishable non- biodegrade more readily than commodity fossil-fuel derived plastics. Bioplastics are sometimes derived from sugar derivatives, including starch, cellulose, carboxylic acid. As of 2014, bioplastics pictured roughly zero.2% of the worldwide polymer market. Bioplastics are the plastics that are created by using biodegradable polymers.

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