The nutritional value of foods depends on their composition, which shows a wide range of variation depending on the species, cultivar and maturity stage. The composition of foods includes a great number of metabolites however, it could be predicted that no single commodity might be rich in all these constituents. This session explores the general characteristics and novel findings of the components of foods, related to their benefits as food sources. The Nutrition Score is the first simple, transparent and straightforward method that can be applied globally and across all food and beverage categories to evaluate the nutritional composition. It can help food manufacturers to improve the nutritional value of their products. In addition, the nutrition Score can be a starting point for a powerful health indicator front-of-pack.