Description :

Neuroendocrinology is known as production of hormones by neurons. The nervous and endocrine systems usually act together in a process called neuroendocrine integration and to regulate the physiological processes of the human body. Neuroendocrinology arose from the identification of the brain, especially the hypothalamus, controls secretion of pituitary gland hormones. It has subsequently expanded to investigate many interconnections of the endocrine and nervous systems.

The Neuroendocrine system is made up of special cells known as neuroendocrine cells. They are spread throughout the body. Neuroendocrine cells are like nerve cells (neurons), but they also make hormones like cells of the endocrine system (endocrine cells). It receives messages (signals) from the nervous system and responds by formulation and releasing hormones and it controls many body functions. The neuroendocrine system of mechanism by which the hypothalamus maintains homeostasis and it regulates the reproduction, metabolism, energy utilization, osmolarity and blood pressure.