Genetics of Diabetes

Description :

Diabetes mellitus is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by persistent hyperglycemia. The two most common forms of diabetes are type 1 diabetes (T1D, previously known as Insulin-dependent diabetes or IDDM) and type 2 diabetes (T2D, previously known as Non-Insulin dependent diabetes or NIDDM). Insulin-dependent diabetes & Non-Insulin dependent diabetes are caused by a combination of genetic and environmental risk factors. However, there are other unique forms of diabetes that are directly inherited. These include maturity onset diabetes in the young (MODY), and diabetes due to mutations in mitochondrial DNA.