Description :

Endocrinology is the study of hormones and their response. Hormones are chemical messenger, released into the blood that acts through receptors to source a change in the target cell. The glands that release hormones are ductless, known as ‘endocrine’ from the Greek language for ‘internal secretion’. The thyroid gland is an example of a classical endocrine gland. Its only function is to synthesize and release hormones into the bloodstream. Some organs, such as the pancreas, have endocrine as well as other functions. So the hormones released by the pancreas are released directly into the blood, whereas the other (exocrine) secretions of the pancreas are released into a duct. Diabetes is the most common condition that endocrinologists treat, but it is far from the only one. Other common endocrine disorders include:

• Adrenal, pituitary and other neuro-endocrine disorders
• Diabetes along pre-diabetes and gestational diabetes and associated with complications relating to the disease
• Hormone treatment in transgender individuals
• Hypogonadism
• Metabolic bone disorders, including primary hyperparathyroidism
• Obesity and weight loss management
• Osteoporosis, including diagnosis and all current therapies
• Reproductive endocrinology, including menstrual disorders, PCOS and infertility
• Thyroid disorders, including hypothyroidism, thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer.