Nutrition is a critical part of diabetes care. Balancing the correct amount of carbohydrates, fat, protein along with fibre, vitamins and minerals helps us to maintain a healthy diet and a healthy lifestyle. Person with diabetes, there is at least one extra consideration for our nutritional needs and that is the question of how our blood glucose levels will respond to different diets:
a. Macronutrients: The macronutrients referred to in human diets are the three food groups that provide us with energy i.e., carbohydrates, fat and protein. The three major nutrients are more than simply providers of fuel for our bodies. Fats and proteins plays vital role for building cells and helping the cells carry out their duties. Carbohydrate can be stored as fat and fat and protein can both be converted into glucose for instance. Macronutrients and their relevance to diabetes are carbohydrates, fat, fibre, protein and salt.
In addition, we have information on the differences between carbohydrate types and sugar and fat.
• Simple carbs vs. complex carbs
• Sugar vs. fat
Trans fats and their relation to fats as well as guides to vitamins and supplements:
• Dietary supplements
• Vitamins and minerals
• Vitamin D
b. Micronutrients: Without a regular supply of micronutrients, our bodies would literally starve. Micronutrients include all vitamins and minerals and are an essential part of a diabetic diet. For example, celery contains well over a dozen different micronutrients including a number of vitamins, potassium, calcium, iron and more.